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Capital: Lusaka


Total Population: 16,591,390
Natural Increase: 3.0%
Density: 22 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 41.4%
Ethnic Origins: 98% of the population is of African descent. Amongst many ethnic groups, the population is predominantly Bemba (about 21%), Tonga (about 14%) and Chewa (8%). People of European and other descent represent about 2% of the population.
Official Language: English
Other Languages Spoken: Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and approximately 70 other local languages
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, Indigenous beliefs 1%.
National Currency: Zambian Kwacha (ZMK)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 ZMK = 0.0001 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 752,610 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
An economy based on agriculture; the exploitation of copper and cobalt mines and tourism.
HDI*: 0.586/1
HDI (World Rank): 139/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Zambia, dial 00
To call Zambia, dial +260
Internet Suffix: .zm
Telephone Lines: 0.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 13.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 22.06% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 8,80510,1629,5398,4517,045
Exports of Goods (million USD) 9,36510,5949,6886,9615,801
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,2901,7701,596n/a1,393
Exports of Services (million USD) 990758851n/a885

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018