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Capital: Hanoi


Total Population: 94,569,072
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 305 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 34.2%
Population of main cities: Ho Chi Minh City (7,981,900); Hanoi (7,095,900); Danang (992,800); Haiphong (1,946,000); Can Tho (1,007,700)
Ethnic Origins: There are more than 54 ethnic minorities throughout the country, but the Kinh (Viet) are purveyors of the dominant culture, representing about 85% of the population. Most ethnic minorities (about 15% of the population) such as the Muong, a closely related to the Kinh, are found mostly in the highlands covering two-thirds of the territory. The Hoa (ethnic Chinese) and Khmer Krom are mainly lowlanders. Other major groups groups include Tay, Thai, Nung, and Nung. (General Statistics Office of Vietnam)
Official Language: Vietnamese
Other Languages Spoken: English, Chinese
Business Language(s): Vietnamese and English. Japanese, Korean, Chinese, German, French and Russian are used at times.
Religion: Buddhists 85%, Christians 8%, Others 7%.
National Currency: Vietnamese Dong (VND)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 VND = 0.0000 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 330,967 km²
Type of State: Single Party Socialist Republic.
Type of Economy: Developing economy.
One of the fastest-growing economies of South-East Asia. The second largest rice exporter in the world.
HDI*: 0.666/1
HDI (World Rank): 116/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Vietnam, dial 00
To call Vietnam, dial +84
Internet Suffix: .vn
Computers: 1.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 11.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 39.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 113,780132,033147,849166,103174,231
Exports of Goods (million USD) 114,529132,033150,217162,107176,785
Imports of Services (million USD) 12,35313,63514,30515,29210,822
Exports of Services (million USD) 9,51010,58510,83311,05412,385

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018