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Introduction

Capital: Kiev

Population

Total Population: 45,004,645
Natural Increase: -0.3%
Density: 78 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 69.9%
Population of main cities: Kiev (2,887,974); Kharkiv (1,452,887); Odessa (1,016,515); Dnipropetrovsk (989,769); Donetsk (936,257); Zaporizhzhya (761,993); Lviv (729,429)
Ethnic Origins: Ukrainians about 78%, Russians about 15%, others about 7%. (State Statistic Service)
Official Language: Ukrainian
Other Languages Spoken: The Constitution protects minority languages, especially Russian which is spoken in the center, south and in the east of the country. Indeed, Russian speaking people are the most significant national minority in Ukraine (22%). Otherwise, the administration only uses Ukrainian. However, the majority of civil servants are bilingual, even if some of them prefer using Russian. In Crimea, the language spoken is Tatar. It is highly recommended to speak only Ukrainian in the western part of the country.
Business Language(s): Russian remains the language of business except in the west of the country. Although there are more and more people with some knowledge of English, an interpreter is often required.
Religion: Orthodox: 83.7% (Kyiv Patriarchate: 50.4%, Moscow Patriarcate: 26.1%, Autocephalous Orthodox: 7.2%), Ukrainian Greek Catholic: 8%, Roman Catholic 2.2%, Protestant: 2.2%, Jewish: 0.6%, Other: 3.3%.
Literacy Rate: 99.4%
National Currency: Ukrainian Hryvnia (UAH)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 UAH = 0.0326 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 603,550 km²
Type of State: Parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Developing market economy.
Importance of the agricultural sector (10% of GDP); economy greatly dependent on Russian gas; the country has been hardly hit by the economic crisis
HDI*: 0.747/1
HDI (World Rank): 81/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Ukraine, dial 00
To call Ukraine, dial +380
Internet Suffix: .ua
Computers: 3.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 27.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 33.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 84,63976,78754,33036,31739,151
Exports of Goods (million USD) 68,53064,33854,19937,85936,364
Imports of Services (million USD) 13,99415,53811,7029,78711,185
Exports of Services (million USD) 21,37321,85114,58212,12912,394

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017

 

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Last Updates: May 2018