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Capital: Tunis


Total Population: 11,403,248
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 73 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 67.0%
Population of main cities: Tunis (638,845); Sfax (272,801); Sousse (221,530); Ettadhamen (142,953); Kairouan (139,070); Binzart (136,917); Gabès (130,984); Gafsa (129,693)
Ethnic Origins: About 98% Arab or Berber, 1% of European background and 1% from other backgrounds.
Official Language: Standard Arabic is the official language, although the Tunisian Arabic dialect (Darija) is used in everyday communications.
Other Languages Spoken: The vast majority (98%) of the population speaks Arabic; about 1% speaks Berber. French is also widely spoken by Tunisians.
Business Language(s): Arabic and French are the most widely used languages in business. Some administrative texts are also in French. English is not very commonly used in business. A number of business persons in Tunisia also speak German and Italian.
Religion: Muslims 98%, Christians 1%, Jews 1%
Literacy Rate: 81.1%
National Currency: Tunisian Dinar (TND)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 TND = 0.3300 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 163,610 km²
Type of State: After the fall of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in 2011 and the move towards a more democratic Tunisia, a new Constitution was ratified on 10 February 2014. According to the terms of the Constitution, Tunisia is a free State, sovereign and independent. It is a parliamentary republic, with a legal system based on French civil code and Islamic law. Islam is the official religion. The power instituted by the Constitution is founded on the sovereignty of the people and the separation of powers.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
French colony up to 1956 and is now having strong economic ties with the European Union. An economy based on agriculture, the mining and energy sectors and tourism.
HDI*: 0.721/1
HDI (World Rank): 96/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Tunisia, dial 00
To call Tunisia, dial +216
Internet Suffix: .tn
Telephone Lines: 10.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 41.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 24,47124,26624,82820,22119,462
Exports of Goods (million USD) 17,00717,06016,75614,07313,572
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,9893,1393,1122,5903,002
Exports of Services (million USD) 4,7544,5774,5553,0223,136

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018