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Capital: Bangkok


Total Population: 68,863,514
Natural Increase: 0.3%
Density: 135 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 51.5%
Population of main cities: Bangkok (5,692,284); Nonthanburi (256,190); Pak Kret (184,501); Hat Yai (159,130); Nakhon Ratchasima (134,440); Udon Thani (133,429)
Ethnic Origins: Although more than 95% of the population are classified as Thai, the country has a complex ethnic composition. The Thai themselves vary considerably, with those of the central plain differing markedly in culture and language from those of the north and northeast, known as the Lao. Many Thai have some Chinese ancestry, and the Chinese constitute the largest single minority group in the country (over 15%). About 2% of the population is of Birman background. (National Statistical Office)
Official Language: Thai
Other Languages Spoken: English is a second language taught in most schools. However it may be difficult to find people able to speak English. Chinese is also often used.
Business Language(s): Thai and English.
Religion: 95% of Thais are Buddhists of the Theravada tradition. Muslims are the second largest religious group in Thailand at 4.5%. Thailand's southernmost provinces - Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and part of Songkhla Chumphon have dominant Muslim populations, consisting of both ethnic Thai and Malay. Most often Muslims live in separate communities from non-Muslims.
Literacy Rate: 92.6%
National Currency: Thailand Baht (THB)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 THB = 0.0264 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 513,120 km²
Type of State: Thailand is a Kingdom. It is a constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy. The country is currently ruled by a military-led government that seized power through a coup in May 2014.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, emerging financial market.
One of the most successful economies of South East Asia; economy based on the agri-food production, tourism, production of automotive and exports of electronic products
HDI*: 0.726/1
HDI (World Rank): 93/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Thailand, dial 001
To call Thailand, dial +66
Internet Suffix: .th
Computers: 5.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 9.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 26.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 249,115250,407227,748202,654194,668
Exports of Goods (million USD) 229,106228,505227,524214,375215,327
Imports of Services (million USD) 52,76754,59852,91950,47342,199
Exports of Services (million USD) 49,30658,25154,99360,28066,419

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018