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Capital: Dodoma


Total Population: 55,572,201
Natural Increase: 3.1%
Density: 63 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 32.3%
Ethnic Origins: Africans represent around 99% of the population (of which about 95% are Bantu, consisting of more than 130 tribes). Other ethnic groups (including Asian, European and Arab) represent around 1% of the population.
Official Language: Kiswahili (Swahili), English
Other Languages Spoken: Asu, Bena, Gogo, Gujarati, Ha, Haya, Hehe, Iraqw, Jita, Kuria, Luo, Maasai, Mochi, Arabic, and many other local languages
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Within the mainland : Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%.
Within Zanzibar : More than 99% Muslim.
Literacy Rate: 69.4%
National Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 TZS = 0.0004 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 947,300 km²
Type of State: United Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
Second largest exporter of gold; heavily dependent on international aid.
HDI*: 0.521/1
HDI (World Rank): 151/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Tanzania, dial 00
To call Tanzania, dial +255
Internet Suffix: .tz
Telephone Lines: 0.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 13.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 15.3% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 11,34612,12011,99810,2859,611
Exports of Goods (million USD) 5,5474,9535,0464,9245,072
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,3102,4362,5992,5692,088
Exports of Services (million USD) 2,7533,1423,3763,6653,720

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018