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Capital: Taipei


Population of main urban agglomerations: Taipei (6,946,680); Kaohsiung (2,784,948); Taichung (2,343,634); Taoyuan (2,051,959); Tainan (1,297,179)
Ethnic Origins: About 84% Taiwanese (including around 15 to 20% of Hakka background), 14% from mainland Chinese backgrounds and 2% from indigenous origins. (National Statistics)
Official Language: Mandarin Chinese
Other Languages Spoken: Taiwanese Hokkien, Taiwanese Hakka
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Taiwan is highly diversified in terms of religious faith, with the practice of Buddhism, Daoism, Christianity, Mormonism, the Unification Church, Islam and Hinduism, as well as native sects such as Yiguandao and others.
National Currency: New Taiwan Dollar (TWD)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 TWD = 0.0285 EUR

Country Overview

Type of State: Taiwan has for all practical purposes been independent for half a century but China considers it as a part of its territory and wants it re-united with the mainland. Legally, most nations and even the United Nations (UN) acknowledge the position of the Chinese government that Taiwan is a province of China. However in reality Taiwan (official name: Republic of China) is an independent republic state based on parliamentary democracy and has a semi-presidential form of government.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, emerging financial market.
World leader in the production of high technology products


Telephone Code:
To call from Taiwan, dial 002
To call Taiwan, dial +886
Internet Suffix: .tw
Computers: 57.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 68.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 76.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 277,324278,010281,850237,549230,568
Exports of Goods (million USD) 306,409311,428320,092285,421280,321
Imports of Services (million USD) 41,83341,78945,06546,75652,407
Exports of Services (million USD) 48,61650,69656,52056,47341,443

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018