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Capital: Bern


Total Population: 8,372,413
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 212 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 74.0%
Population of main cities: Zurich (391,359); Geneva (194,565); Basel (168,620); Lausanne (133,897); Bern (130,015)
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of about 65% of people of Swiss German origin, with about 18% of French Swiss origin, 10% of Ticino origin and 7% of other backgrounds. (Swiss Federal Statistical Office)
Official Language: Switzerland has three official languages: German, French and Italian and four national languages: German, French, Italian and Romansch.
Other Languages Spoken: Other languages spoken include Serbo-Croatian, Albanian, Portuguese, Spanish and English.
Business Language(s): English, German, French and Italian
Religion: Roman Catholic (41.8%), Protestant (35.3%), Muslim (4.3%), Orthodox (1.8%), Other Christian (0.4%), Others (1%), Unspecified (4.3%), None (11.1%) (2000 census).
National Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 CHF = 0.8652 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 41,290 km²
Type of State: Federal republic based on parliamentary democracy. Confederation of 26 cantons (states/provinces), which enjoy fair amount of decentralisation.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
Fourth GDP per capita in the world; offshore financial services dominate the economy.
HDI*: 0.930/1
HDI (World Rank): 3/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Switzerland, dial 00
To call Switzerland, dial +41
Internet Suffix: .ch
Computers: 91.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 56.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 85.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 295,961321,509275,742251,873268,658
Exports of Goods (million USD) 312,464357,851311,203289,874303,221
Imports of Services (million USD) 86,01292,26198,13692,37895,207
Exports of Services (million USD) 107,407112,501116,629108,013114,356

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018