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Capital: Colombo


Total Population: 21,203,000
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 338 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 18.4%
Ethnic Origins: About 75% Sinhalese, 11% Sri Lankan Tamil, 9% Sri Lankan Moor, 4% Indian Tamil and 1% other ethnic groups.
Official Language: Sinhala, Tamil
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%.
Literacy Rate: 90.7%
National Currency: Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 LKR = 0.0054 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 65,610 km²
Type of State: Democratic Socialist Republic.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
An economy based on food industries; textiles and clothing.
HDI*: 0.757/1
HDI (World Rank): 73/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Sri Lanka, dial 00
To call Sri Lanka, dial +94
Internet Suffix: .lk
Telephone Lines: 16.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 18.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 88.66% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 19,19018,00319,41719,05019,190
Exports of Goods (million USD) 9,38010,20811,29810,47010,340
Imports of Services (million USD) 4,4065,2325,5905,8866,199
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,7734,6575,5746,3667,138

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018