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Capital: Madrid


Total Population: 46,484,533
Natural Increase: 0.1%
Density: 93 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 79.8%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Madrid (6,779,528); Barcelona (3,759,240); Valencia (1,618,070); Sevilla (1,459,567); Bilbao (1,005,286); Malaga (864,931); Zaragoza (851,342); Las Palmas (670,925)
Ethnic Origins: A composite of Mediterranean and Nordic peoples, with native-born Spanish citizens representing 86% of the population and foreigners making up 14% (mostly Moroccans, Romanians, Ecuadorians, British and Colombians) (Spanish Statistical Office).
Official Language: Castilian (Spanish)
Other Languages Spoken: Some regions use their regional language for conducting business (Euskera, Catalan, Galician, Valencian). Other minor regional languages can be used: Bable, Aragonese, Aranese, Extremaduran.
Business Language(s): Spanish.
English is rarely used but it is developing.
Religion: Catholics 77% (50% practicing); Muslims, Protestants, etc.: 3%; non believers: 19%.
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 505,940 km²
Type of State: Kingdom. Constitutional monarchy based on a parliamentary democracy.
Power is highly decentralized; the autonomous communities have a high level of legislative, executive and fiscal autonomy (Basque country and Navarre, own taxes).
Type of Economy: High revenue country; Member of OECD.
Economy based principally on tourism and financial services; world's top producer of olive oil. Unemployment rate among the highest in Europe
HDI*: 0.876/1
HDI (World Rank): 26/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Spain, dial 00
To call Spain, dial +34
Internet Suffix: .es
Computers: 39.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 41.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 72.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 337,338340,598358,924309,292309,310
Exports of Goods (million USD) 295,250317,833324,536281,836287,415
Imports of Services (million USD) 63,90562,71668,01364,57970,960
Exports of Services (million USD) 121,870125,639132,044117,442127,132

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018