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Capital: Pretoria


Total Population: 56,015,473
Natural Increase: 1.3%
Density: 46 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 65.3%
Population of main urban zones: Johannesburg (7,860,781); Cape Town (3,430,992); Durban (2,786,046); Pretoria (1,763,336); Port Elizabeth (876,436); Soshanguve (728,063); Evaton (605,504); Pietermaritzburg (475,238); Bloemfontein (464,591)
Ethnic Origins: About 80% of African origin; under 10% of European origin; under 10% of mixed African, Asian and/or European origin; and about 2.5% of Asian, primarily Indian, origin. (Statistics South Africa)
Official Language: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu.
Other Languages Spoken: Fanagalo, Hindi, Sotho, Tsotsitaal, Venda.
Business Language(s): English and Afrikaans.
Religion: Almost 80% of the population is Christian. There are also Hindu, Muslim and Jewish minorities, as well as groups who follow traditional African beliefs.
National Currency: South African Rand (ZAR)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 ZAR = 0.0645 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 1,219,090 km²
Type of State: South Africa is a federal republic with a parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, emerging financial market.
The second wealthiest country in Africa (GDP)
HDI*: 0.666/1
HDI (World Rank): 116/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from South Africa, dial 00
To call South Africa, dial +27
Internet Suffix: .za
Computers: 8.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 7.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 41.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 85.4% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 127,154126,359121,965104,62091,580
Exports of Goods (million USD) 99,60695,93891,04781,67375,091
Imports of Services (million USD) 18,43817,59916,62515,11114,954
Exports of Services (million USD) 17,20316,40116,45814,66514,360

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018