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Capital: Bratislava


Total Population: 5,430,798
Natural Increase: 0.1%
Density: 113 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 53.5%
Population of main cities: Bratislava (422,932); Kosice (239,200); Presov (89,959); Zilina (81,114); Banská Bystrica (78,758); Nitra (77,670)
Ethnic Origins: About 81% Slovaks, about 9% Hungarians, about 2% Roma, and other (including Ukrainians) around 8%. (Statistical Office).
Official Language: The official language of Slovakia is Slovak which is spoken by 85% of the population.
Other Languages Spoken: It is important to note that other languages are used in this country such as Hungarian, Ukrainian, Polish and Czech. Hungarians represent the largest minority in Slovakia, with more than 10% of the total population. Most Hungarians speak their mother tongue and live in the south of the country. Finally, Czechs represent the third national minority and keep their own language: Czech.
Business Language(s): Slovak, German and English.
Religion: Catholics 60%, Protestants 8.5%, Orthodox 4%, Others 17.5%.
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 49,035 km²
Type of State: A Republic based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, OECD member, Ex-Transition country.
Leading world producer of cars per inhabitant; heavily dependent on Russia for energy.
HDI*: 0.844/1
HDI (World Rank): 35/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Slovakia, dial 00
To call Slovakia, dial +421
Internet Suffix: .sk
Computers: 51.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 17.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 80.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 77,39881,73581,95373,50975,471
Exports of Goods (million USD) 80,61285,75086,46075,58477,634
Imports of Services (million USD) 7,1648,5868,9487,9337,950
Exports of Services (million USD) 7,7619,1439,0628,0318,323

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018