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Capital: Dakar


Total Population: 15,411,614
Natural Increase: 2.9%
Density: 80 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 44.1%
Population of main cities: Dakar (2,646,503); Touba (753,315); Thies (317,763); Kaolack (233,708); Mbour (232,777); Rufisque (221,066)
Ethnic Origins: Wolofs about 43%, Halpulaar about 24%, Sereres about 15%, Diolas about 5%, Mandingues about 4%, Jola about 4%, Mandinka about 3%, Soninke about 1% and European and Lebanese about 1%.
Official Language: French
Other Languages Spoken: The Wolof for most people, but there is also the Diola, the Poulaar, the Malinké and the Mandingue. The Wolof is spoken and understood by most of the Senegalese. Dialects are numerous (at least 50, 15 of which are spoken by more than 15,000 people). It is to be noted that since many of the ethnic groups are essentially Muslims, the Wolofs and the Mandingues use the traditional Arab greetings.
Business Language(s): French and Wolof
Religion: The religions in Senegal are mainly Islam (94%), Christianity (5%) and animism (1%).
Literacy Rate: 39.3%
National Currency: CFA Franc BCEAO (XOF)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 XOF = 0.0015 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 196,710 km²
Type of State: Republic state based on parliamentary democracy with presidential form of government.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy, Developing Country.
Very few natural resources; fishing and tourism are the main sectors of activity.
HDI*: 0.466/1
HDI (World Rank): 170/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Senegal, dial 00
To call Senegal, dial +221
Internet Suffix: .sn
Telephone Lines: 2.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 19.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 56.5% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 6,4346,6596,5575,6755,478
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,5322,6662,8142,5322,640
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,2981,4101,414n/a1,374
Exports of Services (million USD) 1,0801,1771,160n/a1,230

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018