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Capital: Riyadh


Total Population: 32,275,687
Natural Increase: 2.3%
Density: 15 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 83.3%
Population of main cities: Riyadh (5,188,286); Jeddah (3,430,697); Mecca (1,534,731); Medina (1,100,093); Ad-Dammam (903,312); Hofuf (660,788); Taif (579,970)
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of mostly ethnic Arabs (90%), with Afro-Asians representing about 10%.
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: English is widely used, given the presence of expats in the region. Other languages spoken in the Kingdom include Indonesian, Somali, Tagalog, Urdu and Farsi.
Business Language(s): While Arabic is the official language of the State, English is widely used as a business language. It is not rare that business contracts are made in Arabic, but it should be no problem to have a translation in English.
Religion: Islam is the official religion of Saudi Arabia. Most of the population is Sunni, including the ruling family. A Shia Muslim minority is also present.
Literacy Rate: 82.9%
National Currency: Saudi Riyal (SAR)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 SAR = 0.2284 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 2,149,690 km²
Type of State: Saudi Arabia is a monarchy in which the King has supreme powers.
Type of Economy: High-income economy.
It has the greatest reserves and is the leading producer of petroleum in the world.
HDI*: 0.837/1
HDI (World Rank): 39/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Saudi Arabia, dial 00
To call Saudi Arabia, dial +966
Internet Suffix: .sa
Computers: 14.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 16.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 54.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 97.7% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 155,593168,155173,834172,252139,390
Exports of Goods (million USD) 388,401375,873342,299201,739174,919
Imports of Services (million USD) 49,88951,74562,68356,52071,159
Exports of Services (million USD) 10,57511,30811,96213,80715,958

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018