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Capital: Moscow


Total Population: 144,342,396
Natural Increase: 0.2%
Density: 9 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 74.1%
Population of main cities: Moscow (12,054,243); St Petersburg (5,191,690); Novosibirsk (1,567,087); Ekaterinburg (1,428,042); Nizhniy Novgorod (1,267,760); Kazan (1,205,651); Cheliabinsk (1,183,387); Omsk (1,173,854); Samara (1,171,820)
Ethnic Origins:
About 80% of Russian origin, 4% Tatar, 3% Ukrainians, 1% Chuvash, 1% Bashkir and 10% others ethnic background. (Federal State Statistics Service)
Official Language: Russian
Other Languages Spoken: More than 150 languages are spoken in the Russian Federation and some of them are the official language in a part of the country.
Business Language(s): English is more and more widespread.
Managers often understand English better than they speak it. You must be prepared to conduct negotiations in Russian.
Religion: According to a survey in 2011, 82% of Russians are religious. Orthodox 70%, Muslims 10%, Catholics 1.2%, Buddhists 0.7%.
Literacy Rate: 99.4%
National Currency: Russian Rouble (RUB)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 RUB = 0.0136 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 17,098,250 km²
Type of State: Federal republic based on parliamentary democracy. Presidential government.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle income economy, transition country, emerging financial market, G8 member.
The largest country in the world; leading producer and exporter of natural gas in the world, and second largest producer and exporter of petroleum in the world; poverty affects 16% of the population
HDI*: 0.798/1
HDI (World Rank): 50/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Russia, dial 810
To call Russia, dial +7
Internet Suffix: .ru
Computers: 13.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 30.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 53.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 335,446341,335308,027194,087191,406
Exports of Goods (million USD) 529,256523,276497,764340,349281,825
Imports of Services (million USD) 106,717125,742118,90986,86874,379
Exports of Services (million USD) 61,46569,11164,81850,98450,504

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018