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Capital: Bucharest


Total Population: 19,699,312
Natural Increase: -0.6%
Density: 86 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 54.7%
Population of main cities: Bucharest (1,883,425); Cluj-Napoca (324,576); Timisoara (319,279); Iaşi (290,422); Constanta (283,872)
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of Romanians (around 90%), Hungarians (around 7%), Romas (2%) and small communities of Ukrainians, Germans, Russians and Turks (1%). (National Institute of Statistics)
Official Language: Romanian, spoken by around 90% of the population.
Other Languages Spoken: Hungarian and German are widely spoken in the country. Regarding foreign languages, the most commonly spoken are English and French. Over the past decade, the speaking of Russian has slightly diminished.
Business Language(s): Romanian, French, English and German.
Religion: Orthodox 86.9%; Protestant 7.5%; Catholic 4.7%; Other 1%
Literacy Rate: 97.3%
National Currency: Romanian New Leu (RON)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 RON = 0.2145 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 238,390 km²
Type of State: Parliamentary democracy
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Ex-transition country.
Romania has developed a market economy and has initiated programmes to privatise public enterprises. The country is trying to catch up to the criteria and standards imposed by the European economic model.
HDI*: 0.793/1
HDI (World Rank): 52/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Romania, dial 00
To call Romania, dial +40
Internet Suffix: .ro
Computers: 19.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 21.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 50.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 70,20773,48177,79069,86774,539
Exports of Goods (million USD) 57,84165,83569,73760,58663,520
Imports of Services (million USD) 9,38611,47512,07010,78611,399
Exports of Services (million USD) 12,60817,81219,92518,53419,841

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018