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Capital: Lisbon


Total Population: 10,325,452
Natural Increase: -0.3%
Density: 113 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 64.0%
Population of main cities: Lisbon (552,700); Port (237,591); Vila Nova de Gaia (186,502); Amadora (175,136); Braga (136,885); Funchal (111,541); Coimbra (105,842)
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of a largely homogeneous Mediterranean community, with a small component of people of Asian or African descent, many who immigrated during decolonisation. (National Institute of Statistics).
Official Language: Portuguese
Other Languages Spoken: Spanish, French and English are the foreign languages best known and utilised in business relations.
Business Language(s): The language utilised depends on the age of your business contact. Typically, those under 40 will also speak English. Those over 40 tend to speak French. That being said, Spanish is gaining ground within the Portuguese business scene.
Religion: Catholics: 95%
Literacy Rate: 93.8%
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 92,225 km²
Type of State: Official name: the Portuguese Republic. Portugal is a republic based on a parliamentary democracy. The constitution establishes a 'semi-presidential' regime for the country.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
High level of deficit and public debt since the economic crisis
HDI*: 0.830/1
HDI (World Rank): 43/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Portugal, dial 00
To call Portugal, dial +351
Internet Suffix: .pt
Computers: 17.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 42.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 64.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 72,42975,71978,35066,70167,567
Exports of Goods (million USD) 58,09062,82363,90755,27155,662
Imports of Services (million USD) 13,47614,39516,00814,17114,769
Exports of Services (million USD) 25,50228,86931,11227,77529,297

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018