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Capital: Warsaw


Total Population: 37,970,087
Natural Increase: -0.0%
Density: 124 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 60.5%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Warsaw (3,008,921); Katowice (2,608,651); Krakow (1,357,206); Gdansk (1,098,435); Lodz (947,767); Poznan (941,914); Wroclaw (835,403); Lublin (671,197)
Ethnic Origins: 97% Polish, 1% Silesian or other German, 2% Belarusian or Ukrainian. (Central Statistical Office)
Official Language: Polish
Other Languages Spoken: Polish belongs to the family of West Slavic languages (with Czech and Slovakian).
The most spoken foreign languages are German and English, but it is useful to know a few words of Polish to travel around the country, especially outside large urban areas.
Business Language(s): Depending on the type of company you contact, the geographical location and the sector of activity, it may be difficult to find someone who speaks English. Insufficient knowledge of English and German often makes it necessary to bring an interpreter. However, the younger generations are more likely to speak English and are studying and practicing it with increasing frequency.
Religion: Catholics 87.2%
Orthodox 1.3%
Protestants 0.4%
Others 0.4%
Unspecified 10.8%
National Currency: Polish Zloty (PLN)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 PLN = 0.2322 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 312,680 km²
Type of State: Poland (official name: Republic of Poland) is a republic based on parliamentary democracy. The country joined the European Union in May 2004.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, OECD member, Ex-Transition country, Emerging Financial Market.
EU member since 2004; high GDP growth rate
HDI*: 0.843/1
HDI (World Rank): 36/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Poland, dial 00
To call Poland, dial +48
Internet Suffix: .pl
Computers: 16.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 16.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 65.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 199,060207,607223,674192,601197,312
Exports of Goods (million USD) 185,374204,984220,152198,243202,522
Imports of Services (million USD) 33,77134,24336,53732,46133,847
Exports of Services (million USD) 41,76344,49148,01143,42549,010

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018