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Capital: Lima


Total Population: 31,773,839
Natural Increase: 1.3%
Density: 25 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 78.9%
Population of main agglomerations: Lima (8,472,935); Arequipa (784,651); Trujillo (682,834); Chiclayo (524,442); Piura (377,496)
Ethnic Origins: About 45% Amerindian (Quechuas and Aymaras), 37% Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European / North American), 15% of European / North American descent, 3% other (African, Japanese, Chinese).
Official Language: Spanish and Quechua
Other Languages Spoken: This country is home to more than one hundred different languages. However, Quechua is the largest linguistic native group, followed by Aymara.
Business Language(s): Spanish and English, of which, as a general rule, people do not have a sufficient grasp.
Religion: Catholics 93%, Protestants 5%, Others 2%.
Literacy Rate: 87.9%
National Currency: Peruvian Nuevo Sol (PEN)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 PEN = 0.2617 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 1,285,220 km²
Type of State: Republic based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
Agricultural, mining and tourism activities are the dominant sectors.
HDI*: 0.734/1
HDI (World Rank): 84/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Peru, dial 00
To call Peru, dial +51
Internet Suffix: .pe
Computers: 10.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 11.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 38.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 91.2% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 42,54543,67042,34637,85036,256
Exports of Goods (million USD) 47,41142,86139,53334,15736,838
Imports of Services (million USD) 7,1837,4587,5147,7947,956
Exports of Services (million USD) 4,7705,6655,7216,0706,304

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018