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Capital: Muscat


Total Population: 4,424,762
Natural Increase: 5.2%
Density: 14 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 78.1%
Ethnic Origins: Mostly ethnic Arabs from Oman and other Gulf countries, as well as Baluchis, South Asians (Indians, Pakistanis, Sri Lankans and Bangladeshis) and Africans.
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects, Mehri
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Ibadhi Muslim 75%, Others (including Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim, Hindu) 25%.
Literacy Rate: 81.4%
National Currency: Omani Rial (OMR)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 OMR = 2.2276 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 309,500 km²
Type of State: Sultanate. Monarchy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy.
Economy dependent on petroleum revenue.
HDI*: 0.793/1
HDI (World Rank): 52/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Oman, dial 00
To call Oman, dial +968
Internet Suffix: .om
Telephone Lines: 10.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 60.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 97.7% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 28,63635,57729,30510,10022,700
Exports of Goods (million USD) 52,13856,42953,22139,24425,302
Imports of Services (million USD) 8,7679,80810,228n/an/a
Exports of Services (million USD) 2,6892,9313,066n/an/a

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018