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Capital: Managua


Total Population: 6,149,928
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 51 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 59.1%
Ethnic Origins: About 69% Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and American/European), 17% American and European, 9% people of African origin and 5% Amerindian.
Official Language: Spanish
Other Languages Spoken: Miskito, English Creole, Sumo, Garifuna
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Roman Catholic 72.9%, Evangelical 15.1%, Moravian 1.5%, Episcopal 0.1%, Others 1.9%, None 8.5%.
Literacy Rate: 76.7%
National Currency: Nicaraguan Cordoba Oro (NIO)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 NIO = 0.0271 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 130,370 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
A country heavily in debt; the economy is based on agriculture.
HDI*: 0.631/1
HDI (World Rank): 125/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Nicaragua, dial 00
To call Nicaragua, dial +505
Internet Suffix: .ni
Telephone Lines: 5.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 13.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 77.9% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 6,7786,6886,9467,0907,170
Exports of Goods (million USD) 4,6864,7945,1264,8394,782
Imports of Services (million USD) 8511,0249889021,082
Exports of Services (million USD) 1,1571,2371,3021,3421,578

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018