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Capital: Amsterdam


Total Population: 17,030,314
Natural Increase: 0.5%
Density: 506 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 91.0%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Amsterdam (2,452,659); Rotterdam (1,509,373); The Hague (906,897); Utrecht (754,615); Eindhoven (700,299)
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of about 79% of people of Dutch origin, around 9% of other Western origin and around 12% of Non-Western descent (Turks, Moroccans, Surinamese, etc.). (Statistics Netherlands).
Official Language: Official languages: Dutch and Frisian.
Other Languages Spoken: Commercial languages: English, German and Spanish. In the Netherlands, the official language is Dutch. However, it is important to note the growing use of English, German and Spanish in business.
Business Language(s): The majority of the population speaks English, which is the most used language in trade.
Religion: Roman Catholic 28%, Protestants 19%, Muslim 5%, other 6%, none 42% (2015).
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 41,540 km²
Type of State: A constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
An economy which is heavily based on foreign trade; third largest world exporter of agricultural and market gardening products.
HDI*: 0.922/1
HDI (World Rank): 5/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from the Netherlands, dial 00
To call the Netherlands, dial +31
Internet Suffix: .nl
Computers: 91.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 42.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 93.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 586,927589,697589,440505,806503,414
Exports of Goods (million USD) 655,374671,556672,671567,217569,705
Imports of Services (million USD) 142,570151,233172,714157,116169,458
Exports of Services (million USD) 166,448177,060194,824178,068179,776

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018