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Capital: Curaçao: Willemstad
Sint Maarten: Philipsburg
Bonaire: Kralendijk
Saba: The Bottom
St. Eustatius: Oranjestad
Aruba: Oranjestad


Total Population: 227,049
Natural Increase: 0.8%
Density: 284 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 70.0%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Willemstad (140,000); Oranjestad (28,295); Kralendijk (3,257); Philipsburg (1,340); The Bottom (462)
Ethnic Origins: Curaçao: The majority of the population is of Afro-Caribbean origin. There are also Dutch, French, Latin-American, Asian and Jewish minorities.

Sint Maarten: The majority of the population is of mixed Afro-Caribbean origin. Dutch, Surinamese and East Asian minorities also exist.

Aruba: mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian about 80%, other about 20%.

Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba: about 85% of mixed African, Carib Amerindian, European and East Asian origins.
Official Language: Sint Maarten: Dutch and English

Curaçao: Papiamentu (creole language derived from Spanish, Dutch, Portuguese, French, English, African languages and Arawak), Dutch and English

Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba: Dutch

Aruba: Dutch and Papiamentu

Other Languages Spoken: Sint Maarten: a minority speaks French, Spanish, Russian, Polish, Haitian and Dutch.

Curaçao: Spanish is also used.

Bonaire: Papiamentu is the commonly used lingua franca. English and Spanish are also widely spoken.

St Eustatius and Saba: English is the principal language spoken. Papiamentu, Spanish are also spoken.

Aruba: English and Spanish.

Business Language(s): Dutch and English
Religion: Curaçao: 85% of the Curaçiens consider themselves Catholics. Protestantism, Judaism, Adventism, Methodism, voodoo and Santeria are also well established. Pentecostalism, Islam and Hinduism are growing in numbers.

Sint Maarten: The island is 39% Catholic, 44.8% Protestant (11.6% Pentecostal, 6.2% Seventh Day Adventist and 27% other Protestant), and 3.4% Jewish.

Aruba: 82% of the population are Roman Catholic. There are also Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Confucian and Jewish communities present.

Bonaire: Predominantly Roman Catholic with a Protestant minority. There are many evangelical churches of different denominations, and a new mosque has also been erected on the island.

St. Eustatius: The majority are Protestant with a Roman Catholic minority.

Saba: The majority of the people are Roman Catholic. There are also Protestants, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Seventh-day Adventist, Jewish and Muslim communities.
National Currency: St Maarten and Curaçao: Netherlands Antillean guilder

Aruba: Aruban Florin/Guilder

Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba: United States Dollar (ANG)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 ANG = 0.4769 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 800 km²
Type of State: Sint Maarten and Curaçao are autonomous states which are part of the Kingdom of Netherlands (constitutional parliamentary monarchy)

Aruba has semi-autonomy within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. 

Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba (the BES Islands) acquired the status of Special Overseas Municipality of The Kingdom of The Netherlands. The special municipalities remain overseas territories of the Netherlands.

Type of Economy: Curaçao and Sint Maarten have one of the highest standards of living in the Caribbean.

Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba (the BES islands) are small economies offering high living standards. Saba is listed as one of the Top ten diving destinations in the world, and Bonaire is often referred to as one of the last unspoiled paradises on earth

Aruba is a high income country with a GDP per capita of around USD 25,000. Over 80% of the economy of Aruba depends directly or indirectly on tourism, making Aruba the second highest tourism-dependent country in the world.


Telephone Code:
To call from the Netherlands Antilles, dial 00
To call the Netherlands Antilles, dial Sint Maarten: 1-721

Curaçao: 599-9

Bonaire: 599-7

Saba: 599-4

St. Eustatius: 599-3

Aruba: 1-297

Internet Suffix: .sx (Sint Maarten)

.cw (Curaçao)

.an (Bonaire, St Eustatius)

.nl (Saba, St Eustatius)

.aw (Aruba)

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20062007200820092010
Imports of Goods (million USD) n/a3,3004,0003,7002,622
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,0762,0763,7102,100807
Imports of Services (million USD) n/an/a803700911
Exports of Services (million USD) n/an/an/a1,4001,965

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018