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Capital: Maputo


Total Population: 28,829,476
Natural Increase: 2.9%
Density: 37 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 32.5%
Ethnic Origins: The population is essentially African (over 99%), comprised of such ethnic groups as the Makhuwa (the largest), Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena and others. There are also small communities of Europeans, mixed African-Europeans and Indians.
Official Language: Portuguese
Other Languages Spoken: Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena and others.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Catholic 23.8%, Muslim 17.8%, Zionist Christian 17.5%, Others 17.8%, None 23.1%.
National Currency: Mozambique Metical (MZM)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 MZM = 0.0000 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 799,380 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
An economy based on agriculture.
HDI*: 0.416/1
HDI (World Rank): 180/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Mozambique, dial 00
To call Mozambique, dial +258
Internet Suffix: .mz
Telephone Lines: 0.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 4.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 20.2% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 8,68810,0998,7478,2935,295
Exports of Goods (million USD) 3,8564,0244,7254,1953,355
Imports of Services (million USD) 4,4483,8573,6243,2853,203
Exports of Services (million USD) 792645725675422

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018