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Capital: Mexico City


Total Population: 127,540,423
Natural Increase: 1.3%
Density: 66 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 79.5%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Mexico City (19,802,161); Guadalajara (4,630,757); Monterrey (4,448,139); Puebla (2,235,730); Toluca (2,048,009); León (1,690,587); Tijuana (1,672,401); Juárez (1,374,292); Mérida (1,367,952); Torreón (1,297,189); San Luis Potosí (1,235,937); Querétaro (1,193,636); Aguascalientes (1,001,824)
Ethnic Origins: About 60% of the population has Indigenous-Spanish ethnic origins. Those with Indigenous or predominantly indigenous ethnic origins comprise 30% of the population, while those of European origin comprise 9% and those with other origins amount to 1%.
Official Language: Spanish
Other Languages Spoken: Many Mexicans also speak English. Indigenous languages are also spoken throughout the country by hundreds of thousands of individuals.
Business Language(s): Spanish and English
Religion: Catholic: 89.9%, Protestant: 5.2%, Jewish: 0.05%, Other: 2.1%, No religion: 2.5%,
Literacy Rate: 91.6%
National Currency: Mexican Peso (MXN)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 MXN = 0.0422 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 1,964,380 km²
Type of State: Mexico's official name is the United Mexican States. It is a federal republic based on presidential democracy.
Type of Economy: Export-oriented economy; member of OECD; emerging financial market.
Highest per capita income in Latin America; the most open country in Latin America; heavily dependent on the American economic situation
HDI*: 0.756/1
HDI (World Rank): 74/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Mexico, dial 00
To call Mexico, dial +52
Internet Suffix: .mx
Computers: 14.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 17.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 38.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99.1% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 380,477390,965411,581405,280397,516
Exports of Goods (million USD) 370,770380,015397,129380,772373,930
Imports of Services (million USD) 26,20328,36430,34129,49531,926
Exports of Services (million USD) 16,14620,19421,08622,60924,097

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018