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Introduction

Capital: Kuala Lumpur

Population

Total Population: 31,187,265
Natural Increase: 1.5%
Density: 95 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 75.4%
Population of main cities: Kuala Lumpur (1,305,792); Johor Baharu (642,944); Kelang (626,699); Ipoh (536,832); Ampang (478,613); Subang Jaya (447,183); Petaling Jaya (432,619); Kuching (422,240)
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of Bumiputra (Malays and other natives) - over 67% of the population; Chinese - about 25%, Indians - about 7% and people from other ethnic backgrounds - about 1%.  (Malaysian Department of Statistics)
Official Language: Malay
Other Languages Spoken: The Chinese speak Cantonese, Hakka and Hokkien. Most Indians speak Tamil. English is an inter-ethnic link, especially in the middle classes. The Dayaks use many dialects.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslims 61.3%, Buddhists 19.8%, Christians 6.8%, Hindus 9.2%, Confucianists, Taoists and other Chinese beliefs 1.3%.
Literacy Rate: 88.7%
National Currency: Malaysian Ringgit (MYR)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 MYR = 0.2141 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 330,800 km²
Type of State: Federal state with constitutional elective monarchy. 13 states which enjoy a fair amount of federal decentralization.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
A country specialised in the export of electronic goods and components.
HDI*: 0.779/1
HDI (World Rank): 62/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Malaysia, dial 00
To call Malaysia, dial +60
Internet Suffix: .my
Computers: 23.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 15.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 65.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 196,393205,897208,851175,961168,392
Exports of Goods (million USD) 227,538228,331233,927199,869189,414
Imports of Services (million USD) 43,13144,97345,16139,81439,347
Exports of Services (million USD) 40,49842,00541,86034,75933,925

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017

 

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Last Updates: May 2018