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Capital: Beirut


Total Population: 6,006,668
Natural Increase: 2.6%
Density: 587 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 87.9%
Population of main cities (including suburbs): Beirut (1,916,100); Ra's Bayrut (1,251,739); Tripoli (229,398); Sidon (163,554); Tyre (135,204)
Ethnic Origins: About 95% Arab, about 4% Armenian and about 1% other. The country encompasses a great mix of cultural and ethnic groups and includes immigrants from other Arab countries (mainly Palestinians, Syrians, Iraqis and Egyptians) and from non-Arabic-speaking Muslim countries. A portion of the Christian population identifies itself as Phoenician.
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: English and French are spoken by a large part of the population. Armenian 6% and Kurdish 1%.
Business Language(s): While Arabic is Lebanon's official language, English and French are widely spoken. Most Lebanese speak at least two or three languages, and visitors find NO problems communicating. Many establishments provide signs, menus, and information in both Arabic and English/French.
Religion: Muslims (Shiites and Sunni): 59.7%; Christians (Orthodox, Armenians, Gregorians): 39%; Other religions: 1.3%.
National Currency: Lebanese Pound (LBP)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 LBP = 0.0006 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 10,450 km²
Type of State: A Republic based on confessionalism, parliamentary democracy. This means that each political position must be filled by a person of a particular denomination.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy.
It is heavily dependent on foreign trade for importing consumer goods and raw materials; high debt ratio
HDI*: 0.769/1
HDI (World Rank): 67/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Lebanon, dial 00
To call Lebanon, dial +961
Internet Suffix: .lb
Telephone Lines: 20.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 61.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 21,94522,02421,13518,43818,955
Exports of Goods (million USD) 5,6155,1704,5483,9823,930
Imports of Services (million USD) 11,42512,82812,501n/an/a
Exports of Services (million USD) 14,48415,05113,725n/an/a

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018