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Capital: Riga


Total Population: 1,959,537
Natural Increase: -0.9%
Density: 32 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 67.4%
Population of main cities: Riga (641,007); Daugavpils (86,435); Liepaja (71,125); Jelgava (57,180); Jurmala (49,646)
Ethnic Origins: Latvians - about 61%, Russians - 26%, Ukrainians - 3%, Belarusians - 3%, Polish - 2%, Lithuanians - 1%, Others - 4%. (Central Statistical Bureau)
Official Language: Latvian
Other Languages Spoken: This country, with 2.5 million inhabitants is home to several linguistic communities. 33.5% of the citizens speak Russian and 4.1% speak Belarusian. Ukrainian is spoken by 3% of the population, Polish by 2.2%, Lithuanian by 1.7%.
Business Language(s): Russian and English
Religion: Lutherans 55%; Catholics 24%; Protestants 29.8%; Orthodox Christians 20%; Jews 3.9%; Anglicans 0.8%; Others 0.8%. About 57.5% of the population is practicing.
Literacy Rate: 99.7%
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 64,490 km²
Type of State: Democratic parliamentary republic.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Ex-Transition country, member of the EU, member of NATO..
An economy built around transport activities for goods and petroleum products; Strategic geographical position which allows the country to trade with CIS countries and Europe.
HDI*: 0.819/1
HDI (World Rank): 46/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Latvia, dial 00
To call Latvia, dial +371
Internet Suffix: .lv
Computers: 32.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 22.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 74.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 17,22717,86517,65014,31214,269
Exports of Goods (million USD) 14,11214,46714,55712,05412,101
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,7392,8062,7742,5062,618
Exports of Services (million USD) 4,8035,1405,0644,4424,696

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018