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Capital: Vientiane


Total Population: 6,758,353
Natural Increase: 1.4%
Density: 29 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 39.7%
Ethnic Origins: Lao Loum (lowland) and Lao Theung (upland) comprise about 75% of the population, with ethnic Vietnamese/Chinese, Khmou, Yao and over 100 other ethnic groups representing about  25% of the population.
Official Language: Lao
Other Languages Spoken: French, English, and various ethnic languages
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Buddhist 65%, Animist 32.9%, Christian 1.3%, Others and unspecified 0.8%.
Literacy Rate: 68.7%
National Currency: Lao Kip (LAK)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 LAK = 0.0001 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 236,800 km²
Type of State: People's Democratic Republic. Communist. Democratically elected.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
Dynamic foreign trade; The country depends on international aid.
HDI*: 0.575/1
HDI (World Rank): 141/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Laos, dial 00
To call Laos, dial +856
Internet Suffix: .la
Telephone Lines: 1.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 10.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 70% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 3,0553,0814,2713,8604,720
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,2712,2642,6622,3403,020
Imports of Services (million USD) 333523479554n/a
Exports of Services (million USD) 553761746790n/a

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018