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Capital: Nairobi


Total Population: 48,461,567
Natural Increase: 2.6%
Density: 85 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 26.1%
Population of main cities (suburbs included): Nairobi (3,300,000); Mombasa (880,000)
Ethnic Origins: Kikuyu - about 22% of the population, Luhya - about 14%, Luo - about 13%, Kalenjin - about 12%,  Kamba - about 11%, with Kisii, Meru and other African and non-African (Asian, European and Arab) forming around 28% of the population.
Official Language: English, Kiswahili
Other Languages Spoken: Numerous indigenous languages
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, Indigenous beliefs 10%, Other 2%.
Literacy Rate: 73.6%
National Currency: Kenyan Shilling (KES)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 KES = 0.0085 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 580,370 km²
Type of State: Federal Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle income economy.
Well developed infrastructures, many natural resources and strategic geographical location. A country heavily in debt.
HDI*: 0.548/1
HDI (World Rank): 145/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Kenya, dial 00
To call Kenya, dial +254
Internet Suffix: .ke
Computers: 1.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 0.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 32.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 23% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 16,29016,35818,39616,09314,113
Exports of Goods (million USD) 6,1275,8566,1155,9065,700
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,2872,2062,6982,5233,095
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,8804,0424,0273,6923,885

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018