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Capital: Astana


Total Population: 17,794,397
Natural Increase: 1.4%
Density: 7 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 53.2%
Population of main cities: Almaty (1,548,354); Astana (852,985); Symkent (711,873); Qaragandy (492,172); Aktobe (387,945); Taraz (356,965)
Ethnic Origins: Kazakhs (Qazaq) - about 63%, Russians - about 24%, Uzbeks - about 3%, Ukrainians - about 2% and other groups (including Uighurs, Tatars and Germans) - about 8%.
Official Language: Kazakh is the State language and Russian is the language for intercommunity communication.
Other Languages Spoken: English is still rather less spoken.
Business Language(s): Russian
Religion: Muslims 47% ; Orthodox Christians 44.2% ; Protestants 1.9% ; Others 6.9%.
National Currency: Kazakhstan Tenge (KZT)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 KZT = 0.0025 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 2,724,902 km²
Type of State: Republic based on a Parliamentary democracy with a strong presidential system.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy, Transition country.
Dependence on hydrocarbon exports.
HDI*: 0.788/1
HDI (World Rank): 56/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Kazakhstan, dial 810
To call Kazakhstan, dial 7 and the city code.
Internet Suffix: .kz
Telephone Lines: 26.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 53.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 46,35848,80641,29630,18625,175
Exports of Goods (million USD) 86,44984,70079,46045,72636,776
Imports of Services (million USD) 12,64412,09512,63911,48910,997
Exports of Services (million USD) 4,6064,9066,1105,9416,255

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018