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Capital: Tokyo


Total Population: 126,994,511
Natural Increase: -0.1%
Density: 348 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 93.9%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Tokyo (35,441,287); Osaka (17,294,189); Nagoya (6,452,190); Fukuoka (2,561,337); Sapporo (2,204,146); Sendai (1,587,913); Hiroshima (1,410,984); Kitakyushu (1,163,071); Naha (1,160,506); Niigata (1,037,940); Hamamatsu (989,776); Maebashi (985,814); Kumamoto (980,524)
Ethnic Origins: Japan is one of the most ethnically homogeneous countries in the world, with ethnic Japanese making up 98.5% of its population. Other ethnic groups present in Japan include Koreans (0.5%) and Chinese (0.4%).
Official Language: Japanese (nihongo)
Other Languages Spoken: Korean and Chinese
Business Language(s): English is the most commonly spoken foreign language. Business professionals, including business leaders, often read English better than they can speak it.
Religion: Shintoism and Buddhism are the two most widespread religions (84% of the population). Japanese may follow one or both religions.gion, or both.
National Currency: Japanese Yen (JPY)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 JPY = 0.0078 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 377,962 km²
Type of State: Empire with a parliamentary democracy
Type of Economy: High-income economy; OECD member; G8 member.
Third largest world economy; largest number of patents taken out in the world; affected by numerous natural disasters
HDI*: 0.891/1
HDI (World Rank): 20/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Japan, dial 00
To call Japan, dial +81
Internet Suffix: .jp
Computers: 54.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 50.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 79.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 885,843833,166812,185648,494606,927
Exports of Goods (million USD) 798,568715,097690,217624,939644,933
Imports of Services (million USD) 182,829169,040190,185173,689184,710
Exports of Services (million USD) 133,838132,650158,626157,863173,821

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018