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Introduction

Capital: Rome

Population

Total Population: 60,627,498
Natural Increase: -0.2%
Density: 206 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 69.1%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Milan (4,109,109); Rome (4,077,212); Naples (3,562,170); Turin (1,760,857); Palermo (937,903); Bologna (754,387); Florence (727,903); Genova (711,715); Catania (627,045); Bari (580,804); Venice (543,705)
Ethnic Origins: According to the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), the majority of the population is of Italian ethnic origin. Of the remainder, many are of German, French, Slovenian, Catalan, Albanian, Greek or Croatian ethnic origin.
Official Language: Italian is the official language, but there are some regions with linguistic minority groups, including Alto Adige (German) and Aoste (French).
Other Languages Spoken: The use of dialects is very common in Italy. Albanian is spoken by approximately 120,000 people (80,000 of which reside in southern Italy). Approximately 1.2 million people in Sardinia speak Sardinian, with 20,000 in the northeast also speaking Gallurese.
Business Language(s): An increasing number of Italians have some knowledge of English, but it is advisable to correspond in Italian for initial contact. This could speed up communication and help avoid misunderstandings. In any case, most firms are able to communicate in English.
Religion: Catholic 83.4%, No religion 16.1%, Other 0.5%.
Literacy Rate: 98.4%
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 301,340 km²
Type of State: Republic based on a parliamentary democracy
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member, G8 member.
Reliance on imports of raw materials and energy; large public debt (over 100% of GDP)
HDI*: 0.873/1
HDI (World Rank): 27/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Italy, dial 00
To call Italy, dial +39
Internet Suffix: .it
Computers: 36.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 35.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 58.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 488,600479,447474,193408,932404,445
Exports of Goods (million USD) 501,306518,268529,899459,068461,524
Imports of Services (million USD) 106,426108,415113,65999,260103,990
Exports of Services (million USD) 107,065110,628114,11698,553101,402

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017

 

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Last Updates: May 2018