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The State of Israel has established its capital in Jerusalem, despite the absence of an international agreement on the status of the city.


Total Population: 8,546,000
Natural Increase: 2.0%
Density: 395 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 92.2%
Population of main cities: Jerusalem (849,800); Tel Aviv (426,100); Haifa (277,100); Rishon LeZiyyon (240,700); Petah Tikva (225,400); Ashdod (218,000)
Ethnic Origins: 52.5% are Sabras (Israeli-born Jews), 22.5% are immigrants (mostly from Europe and the Americas, but also from Asia and Africa) and 20% are Arabs.
Official Language: In Israel, the official languages are Hebrew and Arabic. The country's national language is modern Hebrew. However, since about 20% of the population was not born in Israel, a substantial number of Israelis have a different mother tongue.
Other Languages Spoken: Israeli speak other languages such as English, French, Russian and Yiddish. English is considered as the main foreign language in Israel (the main language for international communication), followed by French. Russian is the third most important foreign language in the country. Yiddish is spoken by around 500,000 people. Moreover, a large number of other languages are spoken by foreigners: Spanish, Romanian, Hungarian, German, Polish, Persian, Amharic and Tigrinya.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: About 75% Jewish and 25% non-Jewish - mostly Muslim, with minorities including Christian, Druze, Baha'i and others. (Central Bureau of Statistics of Israel)
National Currency: Israeli New Sheqel. (ILS)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 ILS = 0.2378 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 22,070 km²
Type of State: Israel (official name: State of Israel) is a nation-state based on parliamentary democracy, except in the Palestinian territories.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
The country has the largest number of start-ups in the world. Investment and spending on research and development are also significant. Israel’s high-tech entrepreneurship is world-renowned thanks to support from the country's technological incubators.
HDI*: 0.894/1
HDI (World Rank): 18/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Israel, dial 00
To call Israel, dial +972
Internet Suffix: .il
Computers: 73.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 46.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 73.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 75,39274,86175,48364,81368,835
Exports of Goods (million USD) 63,14166,78168,68663,67360,160
Imports of Services (million USD) 20,50420,55922,22522,12023,782
Exports of Services (million USD) 32,88434,46335,35834,45238,899

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018