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Capital: Dublin


Total Population: 4,749,777
Natural Increase: 2.2%
Density: 69 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 63.5%
Population of main cities: Dublin (527,612); Cork (119,230); Galway (75,529); Limerick (57,106); Waterford (46,732)
Ethnic Origins: More than 84% of the population is of Irish descent, while 10% is from other European backgrounds, around 2% is of Asian descent, over 1% is of African descent and 3% is of other descent. (Central Statistics Office)
Official Language: Irish (Gaelic) is the first official language and is spoken as a first language by about 55,000 people (mostly in the West). English is the de facto official language.
Other Languages Spoken: English. Official documents are written in both languages.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Roman Catholic 88.4%; Church of Ireland 3%; other Christian 1.6%; other 1.5%; unspecified 2%; none 3.5%.
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 70,280 km²
Type of State: Ireland is a sovereign, independent, democratic state with a parliamentary system of government. The President, who serves as the Head of State in a largely ceremonial role, is elected for a 7-year term and can be re-elected only once. There is universal suffrage for those over 18.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
As a high-tech and services based economy that is highly dependent on trade, Ireland—known as the ‘Celtic Tigre’ in the early 2000s for its strong economic performance—was hit hard by the economic crisis. It now records a large deficit (1.5% of GDP in 2015), but one that has steadily decreased since 2010. The economy has been showing other signs of recovery since 2014.
HDI*: 0.916/1
HDI (World Rank): 6/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Ireland, dial 00
To call Ireland, dial +353
Internet Suffix: .ie
Computers: 58.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 43.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 79.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 62,76965,85373,08971,33675,385
Exports of Goods (million USD) 116,773114,356118,908120,439128,085
Imports of Services (million USD) 119,615123,550145,054151,566191,939
Exports of Services (million USD) 109,507122,703134,651127,713146,678

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018