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Capital: Abuja


Total Population: 185,989,640
Natural Increase: 2.6%
Density: 204 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 48.6%
Ethnic Origins: As Africa's most populous country, Nigeria is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups of African origin. The largest and most politically influential are the Hausa and Fulani (about 29%), the Yoruba (about 21%) and the Igbo / Ibo (about 18%).
Official Language: English
Other Languages Spoken: There are more than 500 languages spoken in Nigeria. The main ones are Fulfulde, Gbagyi, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo) and Fulani.
Business Language(s): English is Nigeria's official language and is widely used in government and commerce. It is spoken by around 50% of the population with varying degrees of fluency, making Nigeria the largest English-speaking country in Africa.
Religion: Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, Indigenous beliefs 10%.
Literacy Rate: 69.1%
National Currency: Nigerian Naira (NGN)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 NGN = 0.0024 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 923,770 km²
Type of State: Federal Republic Democracy
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
The leading African producer and the fifth largest world exporter of petroleum; second greatest receiver of international aid in the world.
HDI*: 0.514/1
HDI (World Rank): 152/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Nigeria, dial 009
To call Nigeria, dial +234
Internet Suffix: .ng
Computers: 0.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 0.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 32.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 55.6% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 51,00056,00060,00048,00039,000
Exports of Goods (million USD) 114,700102,40094,20048,40032,800
Imports of Services (million USD) 22,41220,07922,54618,83612,318
Exports of Services (million USD) 2,0671,9161,4952,7423,718

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018