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Capital: Manama


Total Population: 1,425,171
Natural Increase: 3.8%
Density: 1,848 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 88.8%
Ethnic Origins: Bahraini Arabs about 46%, central and south-east Asians about 45%, other Arabs about 5% and other populations (including African, European, etc.) about 4%.
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: English, Farsi, and Urdu
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslim (Shi'a and Sunni) 81.2%, Christian 9%, Others 9.8%.
Literacy Rate: 86.5%
National Currency: Baraini Dinar (BHD)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 BHD = 2.2779 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 771 km²
Type of State: Kingdom. Constitutional monarchy.
Type of Economy: High-income economy.
A flourishing economy living on its production of hydrocarbons and its financial sector.
HDI*: 0.824/1
HDI (World Rank): 45/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Bahrain, dial 00
To call Bahrain, dial +973
Internet Suffix: .bh
Computers: 16.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 21.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 88.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 97.7% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 12,83014,36013,9109,7008,700
Exports of Goods (million USD) 19,76820,92720,52011,20011,960
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,4801,5601,6181,6211,742
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,0853,3023,335n/a3,170

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018