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Capital: Sarajevo


Total Population: 3,516,816
Natural Increase: -0.5%
Density: 69 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 39.9%
Population of main cities: Sarajevo (369,534); Banja Luka (150,997); Tuzia (80,570); Zenica (73,751); Mostar (65,286)
Ethnic Origins: Bosnian about 50.11%, Serb about 30.78%, Croat about 15.43%, Other about 3.68%.
Official Language: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Other Languages Spoken: Romani (Vlax) is a language of Bosnian gypsies.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslim 50.7%, Serbian Orthodox Christian 30.75%, Roman Catholic 15.19%, Agnostic or Atheist 1.1%, Others 2.26%.
Literacy Rate: 96.7%
National Currency: Bosnian Mark (BAM)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 BAM = 0.5113 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 51,210 km²
Type of State: Bosnia and Herzegovina is a parliamentary republic. As a 'compound' State, it is in line with the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Dayton, Paris, 1995). It consists of two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (51% of territory, majority of Croats and Bosnians) and the Republic of Srpska (49% of territory, Serbian majority). Another 'sub-entity' is the District Brcko that was the subject of disputes and international arbitrage. Thus, Bosnia and Herzegovina has two entities plus the Brcko District.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
A transitional economy affected by war devastation, high unemployment, low purchasing power and a grey economy.
HDI*: 0.733/1
HDI (World Rank): 85/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Bosnia and Herzegovina, dial 00
To call Bosnia and Herzegovina, dial +387
Internet Suffix: .ba
Telephone Lines: 23.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 65.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 10,01910,29510,9909,0009,130
Exports of Goods (million USD) 5,1625,6875,8915,1005,327
Imports of Services (million USD) 506498526483485
Exports of Services (million USD) 1,7251,7681,8321,6401,702

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018