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Capital: Jakarta


Total Population: 261,115,456
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 144 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 54.5%
Population of main cities: Jakarta (9,607,787); Surabaya (2,765,487); Bandung (2,394,873); Bekasi (2,334,871); Medan (2,097,610); Tangerang (1,798,601); Depok (1,738,570); Semarang (1,520,481); Palembang (1,440,678); Makassar (1,331,391); Tangerang Selatan (1,290,322)
Ethnic Origins: In Indonesia there are more than 300 ethnic groups, the main ones being the Javanese (about 40%), the Sundanese (about 15%), the Malay (4%), the Batak (4%), as well as the Madurese, the Minangkabau, the Betawi, the Bugis, the Papuans. Among the minorities of non-Indonesian origin are the Chinese, Indians and Arabs. (Statistics Indonesia).
Official Language: Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)
Other Languages Spoken: There are about 700 languages. The most commonly spoken are Javanese (70 million), Sundanese (20 million), Madurese (9 million) and Malay (15 million). English is also spoken.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslims 87%, Protestants 6%, Catholics 3%, Hindus 2%, Others 2%.
Literacy Rate: 90.4%
National Currency: Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 IDR = 0.0001 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 1,910,931 km²
Type of State: Unitary Republic  made up of 440 administrative districts, based on parliamentary democracy with a Presidential form of government.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
Largest economy in Southeast Asia
HDI*: 0.684/1
HDI (World Rank): 110/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Indonesia, dial 00 or 008
To call Indonesia, dial +62
Internet Suffix: .id
Computers: 2.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 15.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 15.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 96% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 191,691186,629178,179142,695135,653
Exports of Goods (million USD) 190,032182,552176,293150,282144,490
Imports of Services (million USD) 33,63934,42533,07630,22230,637
Exports of Services (million USD) 23,07022,33422,92021,25924,151

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018