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Capital: New Delhi


Total Population: 1,324,171,354
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 445 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 33.1%
Population of main agglomerations: Mumbai (Bombay) (18,394,912); Delhi (16,349,831); Kolkata (14,057,991); Chennai (Madras) (8,653,521); Bangalore (8,520,435); Hyderabad (7,677,018); Ahmadabad (6,357,693); Poona (5,057,709); Surat (4,591,246); Jaipur (3,046,163)
Ethnic Origins: Hundreds of ethnic groups, dominated by Indo-Aryans (Assamese, Bengali, Punjabi, Koli, etc.), which comprise about 72% of the population, and Dravidians (Tamils, Kannadigas, Malayalis, Telugus, etc.), which make up about 25%. Mongoloid and Others account for about 3% of the population. (Ministry of Statistics)
Official Language: Hindi (spoken by more than 50% of the country’s population) and English.
Other Languages Spoken: 22 languages are recognised by the Constitution of India: Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Nepali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Manipuri , Konkani and Sanskrit are among them. Around 2000 dialects have been identified.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011 est.)
Literacy Rate: 61.0%
National Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 INR = 0.0126 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 3,287,259 km²
Type of State: India is a federal Republic state based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
Second largest population and largest liberal democracy in the world. Importance of agriculture and the IT sector in the economy.
HDI*: 0.609/1
HDI (World Rank): 130/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from India, dial 00
To call India, dial +91
Internet Suffix: .in
Computers: 1.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 2.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 12.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 78.7% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 489,694465,397462,910391,977359,065
Exports of Goods (million USD) 296,828314,848322,694267,147264,020
Imports of Services (million USD) 128,955125,189126,710122,225133,710
Exports of Services (million USD) 145,030148,188155,670155,288161,845

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018