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Capital: Reykjavik


Total Population: 335,439
Natural Increase: 1.4%
Density: 3 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 94.2%
Population of main urban zones: Reykjavík (207,174); Akureyri (18,014); Keflavík og Njarðvík (14,821); Selfoss (6,826); Akranes (6,814)
Ethnic Origins: Largely homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts (about 94%), with a minority population of foreign origin (about 6%).
Official Language: Icelandic
Other Languages Spoken: Most of the Icelanders can speak English and Danish.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 73.8%, Roman Catholic 3.6%, other religions 3.9%, none 5.6%, other or unspecified 7.2%
National Currency: Iceland Crown (ISK)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 ISK = 0.0080 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 103,000 km²
Type of State: Republic state based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
A pioneering country in renewable energy sources; exports of fishery products are dominant in the economy.
HDI*: 0.899/1
HDI (World Rank): 16/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Iceland, dial 00
To call Iceland, dial +354
Internet Suffix: .is
Computers: 48.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 57.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 96.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 4,7725,0205,3755,2955,699
Exports of Goods (million USD) 5,0644,9985,0534,7454,456
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,7222,8063,0972,8073,234
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,4803,9754,2494,2505,409

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018