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Capital: Athens


Total Population: 10,770,521
Natural Increase: -0.5%
Density: 84 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 78.3%
Population of main agglomerations: Athens (3,168,846); Thessaloniki (806,635); Patras (195,265); Iraklion (157,452); Larisa (144,651); Volos (130,094)
Ethnic Origins: Over 93% of the population is native-born, with foreign citizens representing 7% of the population. (Hellenic Statistical Authority).
Official Language: Greek
Other Languages Spoken: French and English
Business Language(s): Yes
Religion: Orhodox Christians: 98%
Muslims: 1.3%
Others: 0.7%
Literacy Rate: 96.0%
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 131,960 km²
Type of State: Greece, officially known as the Hellenic Republic, is a republic based on a parliamentary democracy. Though a monarchy until 1974, Greece today is a constitutional state.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
Tourism is the dominant sector; significant unofficial economy; very high deficit and debt ratio since the economic crisis
HDI*: 0.865/1
HDI (World Rank): 29/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Greece, dial 00
To call Greece, dial +30
Internet Suffix: .gr
Computers: 30.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 47.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 56.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 63,32962,16663,77448,41748,592
Exports of Goods (million USD) 35,44136,60136,16328,61728,137
Imports of Services (million USD) 15,65916,14516,77912,04810,715
Exports of Services (million USD) 34,58337,04440,95430,75727,777

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018