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Capital: Accra


Total Population: 28,206,728
Natural Increase: 2.2%
Density: 124 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 54.7%
Ethnic Origins: Akan about 47%, Mole-Dagbon about 17%, Ewe about 14%, as well as Ga-Dangme 7%, Gurma 6%, Guan 4%, Grusi 2%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other about 2%
Official Language: English
Other Languages Spoken: Asante, Ewe, Fante, Boron (Brong), Dagomba, Dangme, Dagarte (Dagaba), Akyem, Ga , Akuapem, Others
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Christian 68.8%, Muslim 15.9%, Traditional 8.5%, Others 0.7%, None 6.1%.
Literacy Rate: 57.9%
National Currency: Ghanean Cedi (GHS)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 GHS = 0.1808 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 238,540 km²
Type of State: Constitutional Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
It depends on foreign aid and exports of gold and cocoa.
HDI*: 0.579/1
HDI (World Rank): 140/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Ghana, dial 00
To call Ghana, dial +233
Internet Suffix: .gh
Telephone Lines: 1.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 17.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 64.06% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 17,76317,60014,60013,29113,352
Exports of Goods (million USD) 13,55213,75213,2179,55111,283
Imports of Services (million USD) 3,8384,3713,8334,9486,298
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,2002,3531,9775,7126,088

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018