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Capital: Berlin


Total Population: 82,487,842
Natural Increase: 1.0%
Density: 236 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 75.5%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Berlin (4,386,551); Hamburg (2,996,750); Munich (2,904,480); Frankfurt (2,525,458); Stuttgart (1,960,286); Cologne (1,914,512); Düsseldorf (1,427,941); Mannheim (1,235,571); Hanover (1,220,106); Nuremberg (1,168,145)
Ethnic Origins: According to German authorities, over 91% of the population is of German origin. The largest ethnic group of non-German origin are the Turkish, comprising over 3% of the population. About 6% of the population is made up of individuals of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian and Spanish origin. (Federal Statistical Office). In 2015, Germany absorbed over one million migrants (more than 1% of its population), primarily from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.
Official Language: German.
Other Languages Spoken: Most Germans have a very good knowledge of English. Quite a few of them speak French. Additionally, though less frequently, Italian, Spanish and Russian are also spoken.
Business Language(s): The business languages are German and English.
Religion: Christian 62.5% (Catholic 31.4%, Protestant 31.1%), Muslim 4%, Jewish 0.2%.
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 357,380 km²
Type of State: Germany has 16 states or provinces, which have local governments and legislatures that enjoy considerable decentralisation in relation to the Federal Government.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member, G8 member.
The leading European power; the world's second largest exporter.
HDI*: 0.916/1
HDI (World Rank): 6/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Germany, dial 00
To call Germany, dial +49
Internet Suffix: .de
Computers: 65.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 61.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 84.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 1,154,8521,181,2331,207,0411,050,0251,054,891
Exports of Goods (million USD) 1,401,1131,445,0671,494,6081,329,4691,339,647
Imports of Services (million USD) 292,143324,691329,354289,475312,074
Exports of Services (million USD) 242,023261,184272,441247,309272,738

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018