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Capital: Paris


Total Population: 66,892,205
Natural Increase: 0.4%
Density: 122 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 79.8%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Paris (11,862,466); Lyon (1,927,448); Marseilles (1,747,515); Lille (1,356,218); Toulouse (1,261,946); Bordeaux (1,148,289); Nantes (889,824); Nice (855,039); Strasbourg (767,542); Rouen (705,240); Rennes (692,289); Grenoble (656,075); Montpellier (653,986)
Ethnic Origins: A large proportion of Celtic and Latin peoples, with North African, African and Asian minorities (INSEE)
Official Language: French
Other Languages Spoken: The regional languages (Breton, Occitan, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Alsation, Picard, etc.) are only spoken locally and by a minority of French people.
Business Language(s): Although French is the official language in France, many businesspeople speak English. However, depending on the type, geographical location and sector of activity of the company, it may be difficult to find someone who speaks English. Being able to communicate and negotiate in French provides a distinct advantage.
Religion: Catholics 62%, Protestants 1%, Jews 1%, Muslims 6%, without a religion 26%.
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 549,087 km²
Type of State: Republic, parliamentary democracy combined with presidential power.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member, G8 member.
The world's leading tourist destination; one of the world's top ten export powers; a relatively high unemployment rate
HDI*: 0.888/1
HDI (World Rank): 22/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from France, dial 00
To call France, dial +33
Internet Suffix: .fr
Computers: 65.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 61.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 83.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 674,415681,467676,603572,661573,022
Exports of Goods (million USD) 568,708580,963580,471505,897501,263
Imports of Services (million USD) 202,228226,193251,769228,159235,679
Exports of Services (million USD) 233,702255,311274,699239,682236,760

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018