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Capital: Helsinki


Total Population: 5,495,303
Natural Increase: 0.3%
Density: 18 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 84.4%
Population of main cities: Helsinki (628,208); Espoo (269,802); Tampere (225,118); Vantaa (214,605); Oulu (198,525); Turku (185,908)
Ethnic Origins: Over 93% of Finland's population is of Finnish origin and around 6% is of Swedish origin. Additionally, a minority of the population, less than 1%, is of Russian or Estonian origin (source: Statistics Finland).
Official Language: Finnish and Swedish. Finnish is spoken by 92% and Swedish by 5.5% of the population.
Other Languages Spoken: Sami (Lappish) is the mother tongue of approximately 1,700 people in Lapland.
Business Language(s): English is the business language of the country. Knowledge of English is very good throughout Finland.
Religion: Lutheran Church of Finland 84.2%, Orthodox Church 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.1%, none 13.5%.
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 338,420 km²
Type of State: Republic, democracy.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
Finland is one of the leading countries in the sector of new technologies. It is also the country in the Eurozone that has been the hardest hit by the crisis
HDI*: 0.883/1
HDI (World Rank): 24/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Finland, dial 00
To call Finland, dial +358
Internet Suffix: .fi
Computers: 50.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 16.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 91.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 76,46877,57076,74760,08960,398
Exports of Goods (million USD) 73,07774,43774,36159,44557,697
Imports of Services (million USD) 31,12531,50630,52325,75628,369
Exports of Services (million USD) 28,51229,34727,91624,18425,439

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018