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Capital: Addis Ababa


Total Population: 102,403,196
Natural Increase: 2.5%
Density: 102 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 19.9%
Ethnic Origins: Oromo about 35%, Amhara (Amara) about 27%, Somali (Somalie) about 6%, Tigray (Tigrinya) about 6%, as well as other ethnic groups : Sidama 4%, Gurage 2%, Welaita 2%, Hadiya 2%, Afar (Affar) 2%, Gamo 1%, Gedeo 1%, Silte 1%, Kefficho 1% and other about 10%. 
Official Language: Amarigna
Other Languages Spoken: Oromigna, Tigrigna Somaligna Guaragigna, Sidamigna, Hadiyigna, others. English is a major foreign language taught in schools.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Christian 60.8%, Muslim 32.8%, Traditional 4.6%, Others 1.8%.
Literacy Rate: 35.9%
National Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 ETB = 0.0311 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 1,104,300 km²
Type of State: Federal Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
An economy dominated by the agricultural sector; heavily dependent on international aid.
HDI*: 0.442/1
HDI (World Rank): 174/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Ethiopia, dial 00
To call Ethiopia, dial +251
Internet Suffix: .et
Telephone Lines: 0.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 1.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 26.56% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 11,91314,89918,99119,06316,588
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,8914,0774,4693,8254,612
Imports of Services (million USD) 3,5813,3634,2304,6123,627
Exports of Services (million USD) 2,5372,8672,7342,8512,981

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018