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Capital: Tallinn


Total Population: 1,315,790
Natural Increase: 0.0%
Density: 31 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 67.5%
Population of main cities: Tallinn (413,782); Tartu (97,332); Narva (58,375); Pärnu (39,784); Kohtla-Jarve (36,622)
Ethnic Origins: Estonian about 69%, Russian about 25%, other nationalities (Ukrainian, Belarusian, Finn and other) about 6%. (Statistics Estonia)
Official Language: Estonian (Finno-Ugric roots).
Other Languages Spoken: Due to the proximity, Russian is spoken in the country.
Business Language(s): Estonian, Russian, Finnish and English.
Religion: Evangelist Lutheran, 13.6%; Orthodox 12.8%; other Christian (Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, 1.4% ); unaffiliated 34.1%; other and unspecified 32%; none 6.1%.
Literacy Rate: 99.8%
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 45,230 km²
Type of State: Republic based on constitutional parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Fast-growing and attractive economy, ideally located and member of the European Union..
Economy driven by domestic demand, income growth and foreign capital inflow.
HDI*: 0.861/1
HDI (World Rank): 30/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Estonia, dial 800
To call Estonia, dial +372
Internet Suffix: .ee
Computers: 52.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 33.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 79.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 18,08518,45918,30114,51014,948
Exports of Goods (million USD) 16,08716,32116,05212,90613,171
Imports of Services (million USD) 3,9834,6954,8004,0054,191
Exports of Services (million USD) 5,6886,4257,0035,8206,108

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018