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Capital: Nicosia


Total Population: 1,170,125
Natural Increase: 0.8%
Density: 127 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 66.8%
Population of main cities (including suburbs): Lefkosia (244,100); Limassol (182,400); Larnaca (85,900); Nea Paphos (64,300)
Ethnic Origins: The Republic of Cyprus is divided into two parts, the Greek part (77%) under the control of the Republic of Cyprus, and the Turkish area in the North (18%). Other ethnic groups also inhabit the island (e.g. Armenians). Nicosia retains the distinction of being the last divided capital in the World. Over 99% of Greek Cypriots now live in the Republic of Cyprus, while over 99% of Turkish Cypriots live in Northern Cyprus.
Official Language: Greek and Turkish
Other Languages Spoken: English is widely spoken. French and German are also spoken within the tourism industry.
Business Language(s): English, French, German
Religion: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic and other 4%.
Literacy Rate: 96.8%
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 9,250 km²
Type of State: Republic based on parliamentary democracy. The internationally recognized government is the one that controls the southern two-thirds of the island named "Republic of Cyprus". The Northern one-third is Turkish-occupied and only recognized internationally by Turkey since 1983. It is called "the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus".
Type of Economy: Well developed economy, member of the European Union and Eurozone (the application of the european legal framework is suspended in the north part), with great potentials in attracting foreign investment.
A liberal economy with favourable business laws and high potentials of development; Unemployment rate among the lowest in Europe; extreme dependence on tourism.
HDI*: 0.850/1
HDI (World Rank): 32/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Cyprus, dial 00
To call Cyprus, dial +357
Internet Suffix: .cy
Computers: 30.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 33.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 61.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 7,2966,3146,7615,5676,491
Exports of Goods (million USD) 1,7402,0191,8111,8291,871
Imports of Services (million USD) 5,0376,1256,1495,4405,542
Exports of Services (million USD) 9,22010,24010,0308,7749,830

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018