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Capital: Zagreb


Total Population: 4,174,349
Natural Increase: -0.7%
Density: 75 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 59.3%
Population of main cities: Zagreb (688,163); Split (167,121); Rijeka (128,384); Osijek (84,104); Zadar (71,471)
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of about 90% of people of Croatian origin, with about 5% of Serbian origin and about 5% of other origins (including Bosnian, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech and Roma).
Official Language: Croatian.
Other Languages Spoken: The country has national minorities; Serb, Slovenian are spoken, as well as Italian, especially along the sea side, also German and Hungarian. Otherwise, especially in bigger cities and in tourist resorts along the coast a lot of people do understand at least the basics of English, Italian and German.
Business Language(s): English (particularly used in the region of the capital Zagreb), along the coast also Italian and German may be used.
Religion: Catholics 87.83%, Orthodox 4.4%, Muslims 1.3%, Protestants 0.3%, Others 6.17%.
Literacy Rate: 98.1%
National Currency: Croatian Kuna (HRK)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 HRK = 0.1354 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 56,590 km²
Type of State: Republic based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Ex-Transition country..
Importance of the tourism sector in making a success of its economic development.
HDI*: 0.818/1
HDI (World Rank): 47/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Croatia, dial 00
To call Croatia, dial +385
Internet Suffix: .hr
Computers: 19.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 37.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 63.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 20,83222,02222,79020,46021,688
Exports of Goods (million USD) 12,37112,65913,85812,90313,736
Imports of Services (million USD) 3,9274,0303,9953,7963,906
Exports of Services (million USD) 12,45813,03813,60212,51013,490

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018